DSM-G600, DNS-3xx and NSA-220 Hack Forum

Unfortunately no one can be told what fun_plug is - you have to see it for yourself.

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#1 2007-01-21 22:22:17

beattie
Member / Developer
From: West Coast, USA
Registered: 2006-11-17
Posts: 92
Website

chkbutton, buttons and leds

I have made my first couple of runs of chkbutton under strace.  One thing I have found, is that it uses the existance of the files /tmp/shutdown, /tmp/ledgreen, /tmp/idegreen, /tmp/ledred, /tmp/idered, /tmp/ledoff, /tmp/ledrmd, /tmp/ledgblk, /tmp/ledalloff, /tmp/unloaddrv, /tmp/emailupdate as input.  For instance if you " touch /tmp/idered" the HDD led changes color (more yellow than red), though idegreen seems to have no effet.

I also see it writing messages or commands out to ttyS1, I have read some references that memtion a support processor that controls power and such that is connected to the main processor via the serial port.

That is about as far as I have gotten.

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#2 2007-01-22 22:53:28

beattie
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From: West Coast, USA
Registered: 2006-11-17
Posts: 92
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

I have found that power and leds are controlled by sending strings to /dev/ttyS1, the ones I have identified so far by looking at the strings in chkbutton and trial and error:

Code:

        SYN     Power led flash, HDD, HDD-Full, USB, WLAN leds off
        ZWC     Turn Power off
        ZWO     Power led solid
        ZBO     Power led flash
        WLO     WLAN led green
        WLC     WLAN led off
        WBO     WLAN flash green then off
        HDE     HDD led yellow
        HDC     HDD-Full led off
        HBO     HDD-Full led flash yellow
        HDO     HDD-Full led yellow
*       HDN     HDD led off
        MMK     USB led green
        MMF     USB led yellow
        MMC     USB led off
        MMI     USB led blink green
        MUI     USB led blink yellow
*       MMN     USB led off
        AKO
        TSO     Power, HDD, USB, WLAN leds green, HDD-Full yellow
        TSR     Power, HDD-Full, WLAN leds off, HDD, USB leds yellow
        TSC     Power, HDD, HDD-Full, USB, WLAN leds off

* not used in chkbutton

I know I have seen mention of this external processor, but can't remember where, if anybody has any information on it, I'd really like to hear.

What I still have not figured out is how the button press is detected.

Last edited by beattie (2007-01-23 03:45:24)

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#3 2007-02-09 12:26:45

StevieP
Member
Registered: 2006-08-19
Posts: 21

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

Just a quick note while I remember it. I've run chkbutton in gdb and I've got as far as catching it when printf is called to print "power off", and managed to go back a bit from that. Unfortunately, the stack trace at that point is not entirely reliable, because if I set a breakpoint at the address before that shown at the top-level in main() itself, the breakpoint is never hit.

I don't know how far anyone else has got with this, but currently, I've only got as far as working out that the address 0x10001010 is definitely hit after the power button is held for 8-10 seconds. I still don't know what has caused it to go down that path.

Other information that might be useful to anyone interested in working out what's going on is as follows.

I got gdb from following the guidelines on this forum to install Gentoo. I can provide the executable, together with  libncurses.so.5.4 that it needs, if required, but I'm away from the router, so that will have to wait until later.

PPC tips:

Function calls are made with the "bl" instruction.
Parameters to functions are passed in as $r3, $r4 and so on.
Functions return with the "blr" instruction.
Function return values are passed back in $r0.

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#4 2007-02-09 16:12:16

beattie
Member / Developer
From: West Coast, USA
Registered: 2006-11-17
Posts: 92
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

Right now I'm working on the assumption that the switches are connected to input pins on one of the chips.  The CPU does not have any GPIOs.  It does have some exterbal interrupts.  Physical inspection show traces from two of the buttons going near the NEC USB chip.  I have not found a reference manual but I'm guessing that it has some input pins.  I've tried to register on the NEC website so I can download it, but it's not working for me.

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#5 2007-02-10 13:04:40

StevieP
Member
Registered: 2006-08-19
Posts: 21

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

Bingo!

It's an ioctl on /dev/ttyS1

More to follow.

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#6 2007-02-10 13:32:42

StevieP
Member
Registered: 2006-08-19
Posts: 21

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

Right, I've got it. Most of the information you need should be in the D-Link kernel source code.

Have a look in drivers/char/serial.c in the receive_chars1() function.

It's basically a ioctl(<ttyS1 fd>, GET_BUTTON, &val);

where GET_BUTTON is 0x54E0
and val is a 4 byte integer that is supplied but seemingly unused.

If the power button is pressed, then the return value ANDed with 0x100 will be true.

The source for receive_chars1 should give you a clue as to what the others mean.

Last edited by StevieP (2007-02-10 13:33:36)

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#7 2007-02-10 21:04:43

beattie
Member / Developer
From: West Coast, USA
Registered: 2006-11-17
Posts: 92
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

StevieP wrote:

Right, I've got it. Most of the information you need should be in the D-Link kernel source code.

Have a look in drivers/char/serial.c in the receive_chars1() function.

It's basically a ioctl(<ttyS1 fd>, GET_BUTTON, &val);

where GET_BUTTON is 0x54E0
and val is a 4 byte integer that is supplied but seemingly unused.

If the power button is pressed, then the return value ANDed with 0x100 will be true.

The source for receive_chars1 should give you a clue as to what the others mean.

Hey super cool, I was ignoreing that because it looking like there was only  a a two wire connection to the mcu that controlles the LEDs.  Now I'd guess that the buttons are connected to the Modem control pins of the serial port.

Anyway now I think we can control all the hardware. we can replace all the software.

Looked at the Kernel, nope they are handeling the serial input in the kernel,  Have I mentioned how much contempt I have for these guys...that is the worst hack I've seen in a while.

Anyway Thanks StevieP for finding that.

Last edited by beattie (2007-02-10 21:22:12)

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#8 2007-04-10 12:03:50

radiusweb
Member
Registered: 2007-02-10
Posts: 17

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

Any updates on this?  I tend to kill off the standard daemons in favor of my own when the unit starts up but that leaves the power led in a permanently blinking state.  Anyone know how to return it to a solid blue state?  Maybe something that can be sent to ttyS1 or /sys/devices/system/leds/leds0/event?

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#9 2007-04-10 14:18:46

sala
Member / Site Admin
From: Estonia
Registered: 2006-07-28
Posts: 731
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

radiusweb wrote:

Anyone know how to return it to a solid blue state?

Code:

echo ZWO > /dev/ttyS1

Try that twice.
But as I understand you got DNS-323 device, in this case none of this might work.


DSM-G600 - NetBSD hdd-boot - 80GB Samsung SP0802N
NSA-220 - Gentoo armv5tel 20110121 hdd-boot - 2x 2TB WD WD20EADS

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#10 2007-04-10 16:13:54

fonz
Member / Developer
From: Berlin
Registered: 2007-02-06
Posts: 1716
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

sala wrote:

But as I understand you got DNS-323 device, in this case none of this might work.

The DNS-323 uses an ioctl on a socket. There's a small program on my site (in old/DNS323-utils, I think) that can do the ioctl.

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#11 2007-04-11 08:27:49

radiusweb
Member
Registered: 2007-02-10
Posts: 17

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

sala wrote:

radiusweb wrote:

Anyone know how to return it to a solid blue state?

Code:

echo ZWO > /dev/ttyS1

Try that twice.
But as I understand you got DNS-323 device, in this case none of this might work.

For some reason I keep failing to notice which forum I'm posting to.  smile  Sort of like hitting "send" before spell check...

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#12 2007-04-11 08:29:38

radiusweb
Member
Registered: 2007-02-10
Posts: 17

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

fonz wrote:

sala wrote:

But as I understand you got DNS-323 device, in this case none of this might work.

The DNS-323 uses an ioctl on a socket. There's a small program on my site (in old/DNS323-utils, I think) that can do the ioctl.

This is awesome Fonz.  Thank you.  What is your site URL?

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#13 2007-04-11 09:53:12

fonz
Member / Developer
From: Berlin
Registered: 2007-02-06
Posts: 1716
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

radiusweb wrote:

This is awesome Fonz.  Thank you.  What is your site URL?

www.inreto.de/dns323

PS: Here's the DNS323-leds program: http://www.inreto.de/dns323/old/DNS323-utils/
Let me know if it worked.

Last edited by fonz (2007-04-11 11:33:00)

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#14 2007-04-11 12:58:34

radiusweb
Member
Registered: 2007-02-10
Posts: 17

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

Sitting here smiling with an ear to ear grin.   Compiles easily, works like a charm!

I have a few questions about "reloaded" which are probably off topic.  Shall I email you (at your address on your web server)?  Or start a new topic?

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#15 2007-04-11 13:30:13

fonz
Member / Developer
From: Berlin
Registered: 2007-02-06
Posts: 1716
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

radiusweb wrote:

I have a few questions about "reloaded" which are probably off topic.  Shall I email you (at your address on your web server)?  Or start a new topic?

There are two related threads in the DNS323 Custom Firmware forum (http://forum.dsmg600.info/f6-DNS323-Cus … mware.html):

http://forum.dsmg600.info/t347-Loader-DNS323.html
http://forum.dsmg600.info/t405-FunPlug- … ratch.html

I don't mind private email, but since there were a few downloads, others might be interested, too.

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#16 2007-04-13 12:29:45

radiusweb
Member
Registered: 2007-02-10
Posts: 17

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

Looks good.  I'll check it out.

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#17 2007-05-21 01:08:24

mykroft
Member
Registered: 2007-05-12
Posts: 83

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

fonz wrote:

radiusweb wrote:

This is awesome Fonz.  Thank you.  What is your site URL?

www.inreto.de/dns323

PS: Here's the DNS323-leds program: http://www.inreto.de/dns323/old/DNS323-utils/
Let me know if it worked.

This LED util still avail - old directory no longer exists....

Thanks
Myk

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#18 2007-05-21 13:08:32

fonz
Member / Developer
From: Berlin
Registered: 2007-02-06
Posts: 1716
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

mykroft wrote:

This LED util still avail - old directory no longer exists....

Sources are in "utils" directory now. I don't have binaries handy now. If you can't compile yourself, let me know, but it may take a few days until I have time...

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#19 2007-05-21 13:32:41

mykroft
Member
Registered: 2007-05-12
Posts: 83

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

fonz wrote:

mykroft wrote:

This LED util still avail - old directory no longer exists....

Sources are in "utils" directory now. I don't have binaries handy now. If you can't compile yourself, let me know, but it may take a few days until I have time...

If you would not mind - I have not been able to get setup a environment yet on my linux box here at home to be able to compile for this device - but I am still working on it...

Thanks

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#20 2007-05-21 17:42:59

fonz
Member / Developer
From: Berlin
Registered: 2007-02-06
Posts: 1716
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

mykroft wrote:

I have not been able to get setup a environment yet on my linux box here at home to be able to compile for this device - but I am still working on it...

You may want to have a  look at my source directory. The fw103-scripts package contains the scripts I'm using to create the fun-plug toolchain. They work flawlessly on Slackware-current (haven't tested other distros).

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#21 2008-02-03 12:47:33

orbitaudio
Member
From: Brisbane, Australia
Registered: 2008-01-23
Posts: 25

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

fonz wrote:

sala wrote:

But as I understand you got DNS-323 device, in this case none of this might work.

The DNS-323 uses an ioctl on a socket. There's a small program on my site (in old/DNS323-utils, I think) that can do the ioctl.

Hey, I'm curious about the main power button on the front of the DNS-323.  I've got a DNS-323 with debian installed (native not chroot) and i'd like to have a small program similar to the rest of your utilities (which are awesome by the way!) that would poll the power button and run shutdown when it is pressed so i don't have to ssh in to shut it down.

As such i have a few questions:

1. Where is the button(s) connected?
2. Are they accessed via an ioctl() as well?
3. I notice in the kernel source code for the ioctl() (arch/arm/mach-mv88fxx81/SLP/egiga/mv_e_main.c) has a read register function although i can't seem to access the data.  Is the button connected to this GPIO register or am I on the wrong track?

Any info would be appreciated.  Thanks in advance,

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#22 2008-02-04 11:07:09

fonz
Member / Developer
From: Berlin
Registered: 2007-02-06
Posts: 1716
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

orbitaudio wrote:

1. Where is the button(s) connected?
2. Are they accessed via an ioctl() as well?
3. I notice in the kernel source code for the ioctl() (arch/arm/mach-mv88fxx81/SLP/egiga/mv_e_main.c) has a read register function although i can't seem to access the data.  Is the button connected to this GPIO register or am I on the wrong track?

Depends on your kernel. If you're using 2.6.12.6, I suppose it's accessable via ioctl, too. I don't know the details, though - I think the chkbutton process periodically polls some value to detect button presses. It's connected via GPIO (you may want to check http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/g … .c;hb=HEAD - search for "Power Button")

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#23 2008-02-04 13:23:07

orbitaudio
Member
From: Brisbane, Australia
Registered: 2008-01-23
Posts: 25

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

fonz wrote:

Depends on your kernel. If you're using 2.6.12.6, I suppose it's accessable via ioctl, too.

Yes i am running the stock 2.6.12.6 kernel.

I don't know the details, though - I think the chkbutton process periodically polls some value to detect button presses.

Did you find this out from an strace?

It's connected via GPIO (you may want to check http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/g … .c;hb=HEAD - search for "Power Button")

So whats the go with the Orion stuff?  I can't seem to find much documentation for any marvell chips which is slightly frustrating.

Also are you running an updated kernel?  Is there much to gain from changing kernels?

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#24 2008-02-04 13:30:23

fonz
Member / Developer
From: Berlin
Registered: 2007-02-06
Posts: 1716
Website

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

orbitaudio wrote:

I don't know the details, though - I think the chkbutton process periodically polls some value to detect button presses.

Did you find this out from an strace?

It's connected via GPIO (you may want to check http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/g … .c;hb=HEAD - search for "Power Button")

So whats the go with the Orion stuff?  I can't seem to find much documentation for any marvell chips which is slightly frustrating.

Also are you running an updated kernel?  Is there much to gain from changing kernels?

I've read kernel code, disassembled chkbutton, and ran it in a debugger. That way, I got the information for the dns323 utils I've written.

You can't find documentation, because it's proprietary stuff. The orion git tree is maintained by marvel engineers, afaik. It's running fine, though I haven't tested (and don't recommend to do so) with dlink firmware. The ioctl interface is gone, the network interfaces becomes eth0 (instead of egiga0), etc. Lots of differences.

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#25 2008-02-04 13:55:31

orbitaudio
Member
From: Brisbane, Australia
Registered: 2008-01-23
Posts: 25

Re: chkbutton, buttons and leds

Ok cool.

I'm still keen to get a program running that will check the state of the power button running 2.6.12.6 kernel.  Kinda for my own interest.  I've been reading the kernel code but seem to be going around in circles. 

What do you know about the ioctl() interface?  I'm kind of confused as to how everything is connected.  From what i understand, a program calls ioctl() with the right parameters via a socket to egiga0.  I'm confused as to what happens after that.  I know the buttons and leds are connected to GPIO somewhere, but which chip's GPIO are the connected to?  The ethernet chips GPIO?

I've disassembled chkbutton but that didn't really get me far as there are too many assembly subroutines going on for functions that i'm not really interested in.  My ARM assembly is also not very good.  I tried to run strace on it but chkbutton doesn't seem to run with my new debian install hmm

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